4 main causes of acid reflux and heartburn

Many people complain of acid reflux and heartburn; especially, as they grow old. There is a valve at the entrance of the stomach that opens when the food gets inside the stomach and then closes. Sometimes, the valve doesn’t close completely or opens quite frequently. Then the acid that is produced in the stomach move up to the esophagus and causes heartburn. There are a number of causes of acid reflux and heartburn. These are discussed below.

Hiatal hernia

There is a diaphragm that separates the chest from your stomach. If the acid produced in the stomach moves above the diaphragm then it causes acid reflux and heartburn. It can move up the esophagus to cause acid reflux disease.

Eating heavy meals and fatty foods

If you eat a supersized burger or pizza before going to bed then you will have heartburn. If you eat large portions of fatty food late at night then you are likely to have heartburn. If you eat a large meal, your stomach will be stretched due to too much food inside. This will create pressure on the stomach valve and lead the acid upwards into the esophagus.

Eating certain kinds of foods

Certain kinds of foods and drinks can cause acid reflux and heartburn. These include alcohol, garlic, raw onion, citrus foods, etc. It doesn’t mean that you are forbidden to take these. If taken in small portions and at the right time of the day, it won’t cause any harm. You should never eat right before going to bed. You should allow at least 2 hours for the food to get digested inside the stomach. This will prevent it from going back into the esophagus.

Due to Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

In this case, you have chronic acid reflux. If you have this disease then you will experience heartburn quite often. If left untreated, it may cause damage to the esophageal lining.

Many people think that heartburn is a disease of the heart. But actually, it has nothing to do with the heart. It is often referred to as indigestion. If someone is overweight, eats heavy meals and snacks just before going to bed, drinks alcohol and smokes then he or she is more likely to have heartburn. If you are pregnant, you are at risk of having heartburn. Medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin can give you relief. You must follow a healthy diet and eat dinner at the right time to reduce the chances of acid reflux and heartburn.